When you eat certain foods like carbohydrates, fruits and deserts, they are reduced to sugar (glucose) and absorbed into the blood through the small intestine. This glucose gives your cells energy to do their jobs. Before the cells can use glucose, it must move from your bloodstream into the individual cells. This process requires insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas.
In people with diabetes, the pancreas makes no insulin, or not enough. When you have Type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to use the insulin it does make. If you have Type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make any insulin at all. The sugar that is not absorbed by the cells builds up causing the glucose levels to rise in the blood.
Everyone with diabetes needs to monitor and control their blood sugar. How is this done? By following your doctors’ advice and for most people, that means “the 4 M’s.”
- Monitoring: Measuring your blood glucose at recommended intervals with a Monitoring device.
- Meals: Plan healthy and enjoyable Meals to help keep your blood sugar near goal. Follow your doctors’ recommendations.
- Moving: Exercise helps your body to lower your blood sugar by burning it for energy.
- Medicine: Modern technology like insulin pumps and monitors offer more accuracy for a healthier balanced lifestyle.
Important: This article is for informational purposes only. Always follow your physician’s advice concerning the treatment of diabetes.